Through a resolution of Union Cabinet the ‘National Institution for Transforming India’, also knows as NITI Aayog, was formed on January 1, 2015 as the premier policy ‘Think Tank’ of the Government of India. NITI Aayog provides both directional and policy inputs and also provides relevant technical advice to the Centre and States while designing strategic and long term policies and programmes for the Government of India.
Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi as the Chairperson constitutes NITI Aayog along with some other officials and Chief Ministers of all the states and Lieutenant Governors with Legislatures of the othe Union Territories comprises in Governing Council. First Meeting of the Governing Council of NITI Aayog was held on 8th February, 2015
The Government of India, constituted the NITI Aayog to replace the Planning Commission instituted in 1950 in order to better serve the needs and aspirations of the people of India. An important evolutionary change from the past, NITI Aayog acts as the ideal platform of the Government of India to bring States to act together in national interest, and promotes Cooperative Federalism. NITI Aayog is also developing itself as a State of the Art Resource Centre, with the necessary resources, knowledge and skills, that will enable it to act with speed, promote research and innovation, provide strategic policy vision for the government, and deal with contingent issues.
There are two hubs at the core of NITI Aayog:
Team India Hub leads the engagement of states with the Central government and Knowledge and Innovation Hub builds NITI’s think-tank capabilities. These hubs reflect the two key tasks of the Aayog.
NITI Aayog and Sustainable development
NITI Aayog has been assigned with the role to co-ordinate ‘Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development’ also called SDGs. SDGs have been evolved through a long inclusive process for achievement during 2016-2030. The SDGs cover 17 goals and 169 related targets resolved in the UN Summit meet 25-27 September 2015, in which India was represented at the level of Hon’ble Prime Minister. These SDGs will stimulate, align and accomplish action over the 15-year period in areas of critical importance for the humanity and the planet.
The task at hand for NITI Aayog is not just to periodically collect data on SDGs but also to act proactively achieve the goals and targets not only quantitatively but also maintaining high standards of quality. To achieve these tasks, the draft mapping of the goals and targets as an initial step on proposed Nodal and other Ministries has been carried out in consultation with MoSPI. NITI Aayog, in collaboration with RIS is also held a Consultation on SDGs, during 9th and 10th February 2016 in New Delhi with stakeholders including States, Ministries, academia, International organisations, NGOs etc.
NITI Aayog and Atal Innovation Mission
NITI Aayog has taken multiple initiatives in field of development, corporate federalism and innovation. Atal Innovation Mission(AIM) is one of such Initiatives taken by NITI Aayog with its objective including Self-Employment and Talent Utilization (SETU) as Government of India’s efforts to promote a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship. Its objective is to serve as a platform for promotion of world-class Innovation Hubs, Grand Challenges, Start-up businesses and other self-employment activities, particularly in technology driven areas with its two core functions as: (a) Entrepreneurship promotion through Self-Employment and Talent Utilization and (b) Innovation promotion to provide a platform where innovative ideas are generated.
To facilitate and empower the critical requirement of good governance which is people-centric, participative, collaborative, transparent and policy-driven. This, along with being as incubator and disseminator of fresh thought and ideas for development, is the core mission of NITI Aayog. MyGov Group is an attempt to fulfil the above objectives by inviting citizens’ perspectives on policy matters.